Britain’s largest coal-fired power station is set to become one of Europe’s biggest renewable electricity generators today, with the potential for new future generation on the site to be based on truly clean coal.
That has been announced by the Department of Energy Climate and Change (DECC) on 9 December.
Energy and Climate Change Secretary Edward Davey opened the Drax coal-to-biomass conversion plant, and announced the Government was awarding funding to further the White Rose CCS project, also based at the site.
At Drax, the £700 million planned conversion project will burn wood pellets rather than coal. Drax calculates that this will reduce carbon emissions by 80 per cent compared to coal. The facilities opened today will provide enough low carbon power to supply the equivalent of around 1 million homes, and help to safeguard 1,200 jobs and many more in the supply chain and in local communities.
According to Davey, “Today 40% of our electricity comes from coal. 20% is from old nuclear. Most of that is due to come off line in the next decade. We need to fill this emerging energy gap with low-carbon electricity that will keep the lights on, bring bills down and reduce emissions to tackle climate change. So we need a mix – of renewables (biomass and coal to biomass conversions, onshore and offshore wind and solar), Carbon Capture and Storage technology, nuclear and some gas. This will help to protect consumers from price spikes caused by importing expensive gas, and will lower people’s bills in the long-run with households getting £50 off their bills a year by early next year.”
Davey also announced funding for the White Rose project. The White Rose proposal is to build a new state-of-the-art 426MW (gross) clean coal power plant with full carbon capture and storage. It will be the largest oxy combustion plant in the world and will also have the potential to co-fire biomass. It will capture approximately 2 million tonnes of CO2 per year, some 90% of all CO2 emissions produced by the plant. The CO2 will be transported through National Grid’s proposed Yorkshire / Humber CCS Trunkline for permanent undersea storage in the North Sea. The plant will cost £2 billion and will be able to provide clean electricity to more than 630,000 homes. It also includes the planned development of a CO2 transport and storage network – the Yorkshire Humber CCS Trunkline – which would have capacity for additional CCS projects in the area.
According to DECC, t”his innovative project has the potential to create up to 2,000 jobs and safely capture 90% of the plant’s emissions. Together, the two projects could support 3,200 jobs in Yorkshire and the Humber, and provide carbon transport infrastructure to help build a clean energy industry in the region.”
Mr Davey said: “It’s crucial that we safeguard our energy security by generating green electricity on UK soil that protects bill payers from volatile foreign energy imports. Our coal industry has powered Britain for more than a century, and today we’re seeing a clear roadmap for its future – whether by converting existing coal plants to cleaner fuels, or building state-of-the-art power stations that mean coal is truly clean. While at the same time creating new green jobs for Yorkshire.”
“I’m proud that the UK is at the forefront of developing Carbon Capture and Storage – which could be a game-changer in tackling climate change and provide a huge economic advantage not just to this region, but to the whole country.”
White Rose is the first project to be allocated funds under the Government’s £1 billion CCS Commercialisation Programme. According to DECC, “CCS allows the safe removal and permanent storage of carbon dioxide emissions from coal and gas power stations, as well as from industrial processes. Old and polluting coal plants are being phased out and will be replaced by 2030 with clean coal or sustainably sourced biomass that has been fitted with CCS. We anticipate up to 12GW of CCS could be deployed by 2030, rising to 40GW by 2050. This could well be generating more electricity than total domestic electricity demand, and provide 22% of the UK’s energy by 2050. This will help reduce emissions to tackle climate change and will form a crucial part of the UK’s power mix, alongside renewables and new nuclear.”
The UK government’s support for the development of CCS also includes a £125 million, 4-year co-ordinated research, development and innovation programme. In October 2013, the Government published an update of its CCS policy, with a vision of three phases of CCS, including a second phase of projects possibly developed on similar timeline to the projects under the Commercialisation Programme.
According to DECC, the UK “is ideally suited to the development of a CCS industry with excellent storage potential in the North and Irish seas, world leading CCS research being undertaken in UK universities and the UK CCS Research Centre, and one of the most favourable policy environments for CCS in the world according to the Global CCS Institute’s (GCCSI) new CCS Policy Indicator.”
DECC notes that “negotiations on the Peterhead CCS Project are still under way – they are progressing positively and we hope to make a further announcement on their outcome shortly.”